Left to right in front are Sofia Muniz, Camila Samaniego Villarreal and Lluvia Ocampo; and back row, Martin Bacillo, Jr. PHOTO COURTESY OF SAN MARCOS CISD

Students celebrate Dias y Seis

Students in Martha Chapa's kindergarten class at Mendez Elementary School are celebrating Sept. 16,  Dias y Seis de Septiembre, by learning the history of the special day, according to art teacher Kay Posey.

 On the church steps in the town of Dolores Hidalgo, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla read the Gritto de Hidalgo (or "Call of Hidalgo") in 1810. That day, Sept. 16 (Diez y Seis de Septiembre), Father Hidalgo launched the Mexican War of Independence against Spain. After the declaration, Hidalgo and his followers set out to spread the word to nearby San Miguel de Allende.

Hidalgo affixed an image of the Virgin of Guadalupe to a staff, bringing the Virgin to symbolize the Mexican liberation movement. The struggle against Spain centered around the rights of the Criollos (or "Creoles") who were born in the New World with Spanish ancestry, but not given the privilege of those born in Europe. Following the war, those born in Europe were expelled from Mexico.

• Submitted by San Marcos CISD

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